Archive for October, 2010

Underlying Factors of Entrepreneurial Intentions among Asian Students

Friday, October 15th, 2010

By: Nurul Indarti, Rokhima Rostiani, and Tur Nastiti

A survey among 650 undergraduate students in Asian countries, including Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand, showed that student’s entrepreneurial intentions and the determining factors varied from country to country. Generally, selfefficacy, environmental factors, age, and gender were found to have significant impact on entrepreneurial intentions among Asian students. However, the model could only explain 25.5% total variance of entrepreneurial intentions. It is expected that results of this research can give insights for government and universities to formulate policies and programs to cultivate entrepreneurial spirit among students.

Keywords: entrepreneurial intentions, need for achievement, self-efficacy, environmental
factors, demographic factors

Chinese Economic Activities in Sub Saharan Africa: A Substitute for Europe?

Friday, October 15th, 2010

By: Ineke Keers and Bartjan J.W. Pennink

This paper aims to investigate if the Chinese economic ties with Sub Saharan Africa serve as a substitute for the existing European-African relationship. Three types of economic activities are studied to determine a possible substitution effect: 1) trade (imports and exports; 2) foreign direct investment (FDI) flows; and 3) development aid from China and the European Union towards six African countries. Because natural resources, especially oil, appear to be a driver for Sino-African trade this study focuses on oil-importing and oilexporting African countries. The group of oil-importing African countries is formed by South Africa, Ghana and Kenya. The oil-producing countries are represented by Nigeria, Angola and Sudan. We found that there is no Chinese substitution effect for European imports and exports and the European and Chinese FDI flows seem to be complementary rather than a substitute for each other, which then could lead to the development of African industries. Moreover, the combination of European and Chinese trade, aid and FDI could lead to the development of infrastructure, manufacturing industries and the improvement of social economical standards in Africa.

Key words: FDI, development aid, trade, China, European Union, Africa, substitute

Employees’ Turnover Intention to Leave: The Malaysian Contexts

Friday, October 15th, 2010

By: Wan Li Kuean, Edward Wong Sek Khin, and Sharon Kaur

This study examines the relationship between organizational commitment and employees’ intention to leave the organization in the Malaysian context, and the moderating effects of participation in decision making and work effort on this relationship. It is a descriptive study based on a survey conducted among working adults in Malaysia. The results of the study suggest that all three dimensions of organizational commitment; affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment; have significant association with intention to leave. Participation in decision making was found to have a significant effect on intention to leave, while the time commitment dimension of work effort was found to be not significant. Implications for practitioners and avenues for further research were discussed. This study has also provided greater understanding on the relationship between the tested variables with turnover intention. Findings of the study would assist practitioners, managers and policy makers of organizations to formulate appropriate strategies particularly in the areas identified to be having an effect on turnover intention. The organization could pursue a commitment strategy to obtain a committed workforce through application of suitable human resource policies. Cultivating an organization culture of shared values and involving employees in the goal setting process would further enhance employees’ acceptance of and alignment with organizational goals that would promote greater organizational commitment and eventually reduce employees’ intention to leave the organization.

Key words: organizational commitment, participation in decision making, work effort

Role of HR Professionals in the Indian Information Technology Sector

Friday, October 15th, 2010

By: Mary Mathew, Tejas Subramanya, Nivedita Agarwal, and Anirudha Dambal

This qualitative paper aims to understand the activities and strategic role played by Human Resources (HR) professionals in the Indian IT organizations. This paper presents results from an exploratory field study of HR professionals in 28 IT organizations of Bangalore. Data is collected from HR professionals in these organizations to assess career support that HR professionals receive, the size increase of these professionals given the overall manpower size increase (HR density), replication of parent’s HR practices, and the HR activities these professionals engage in, in this sector. Results showed that HR played an important role in recruitment, culture building and training and development. However technical personnel seemed to have a greater say in compensation related activities, even though it is traditionally a core HR activity. The strategic contribution of HR to the organization was also analyzed. It was found that in these organizations, the strategic role of HR was understood. The growth in the number of HR professionals with reference to the age of the company was also looked at. It is evident that initially for a young company there is a high need for HR personnel and as the companies grows old the HR processes get standardized and hence the requirement for new HR personnel decreases. The higher HR density has implications on HR activities practices in Indian IT companies. Likewise the more fully parent’s HR practice is replicated in Indian IT companies, the more some HR activities are influenced.

Key words: HR density, strategic HR, Indian IT Industry