Archive for the ‘6th Edition’ Category

Backward Linkages in the Readymade Garment Industry of Bangladesh: Appraisal and Policy Implications

Wednesday, October 21st, 2009

By Mohammed Rakib Ibne Habib

In global apparels market, international buyers will place an order with price competitiveness along with lead time. For Bangladesh, lead time is fast emerging as a serious bottleneck. Backward linkages are playing major part of a garment industry to reduce lead time and offer competitive price in the international market. It is inevitable that one of the major issues of success in readymade garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh intensely depends on backward linkages status, support, and strategic formulation. This paper will briefly discuss the present condition of backward integration comparison to other countries, impact of lead time, why lead time get priorities, process of short lead time and how central backward linkages and central bonded house influence on price competitiveness and alternative solution of backward linkages in the short-run considered central bonded warehouse (CBW) in the RMG sector. Finally this paper will focus on policy implication on backward Linkage sub-sectors, scheme of intensifying central bonded warehouse (CBW) facility, procedure for short lead time in respect of free trade apparel market.

Keywords: Development of Backward integration, Status and condition of backward linkage in garment, Central Bonded Warehouse, Lead time, cost plus pricing.

An In-depth Study of Assessing the Factors Affecting Higher Education in South-East Asia: A Case Study of Two Universities

Wednesday, October 21st, 2009

By Edward Sek Khin Wong and Teoh Ngee Heng.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not selected factors are related to faculty job satisfaction and dissatisfaction at two selected private universities in South-East Asia. It is an attempt to find out how faculty members feel about their jobs. What pleases them in their work? What are the intrinsic rewards they attain? What brings dissatisfac¬tion or tends to frustrate them? Hence, this study employs the Herzberg Two-factor Theory to determine how selected factors are related to job satisfaction of university faculty members.  The conclusions drawn from this study are that the major sources of job satisfaction for university faculty members are shown to be policy and administration, and salary. The relevant sources of dissatisfaction were personal achievement, personal growth, interpersonal relations, recognition, responsibili¬ty, supervision, the work itself, and the overall working conditions. The study also has a number of practical implications for institutional administrators, because if the educational institution has no instrument designed to measure faculty perceptions of their jobs and work, these administrators could elect to use the same instrument that investigates the areas of job satisfaction to gain similar results.

Keywords: Higher education, Herzberg Two-factor Theory, job satisfaction, job dissatisfaction

Relationship between Pay Level, Pay Structure and Job Commitment in Malaysian Public Community College: The Mediation Role of Distributive Justice

Wednesday, October 21st, 2009

By  Clara Ong Guat Leng, Azman Ismail, Yusof Ismail, and Zalina Ibrahim

This study was conducted to measure the mediating effect of distributive justice on the relationship between pay level, pay structure and job commitment. A survey research method was used to gather 194 usable questionnaires from academic staff of 15 Malaysian public community colleges (MPCC). Outcomes of testing mediating model using a stepwise regression analysis showed that distributive justice had increased the effect of pay design features (i.e., pay level and pay structure) on job commitment. This result confirms that distributive justice does act as a full mediating variable in the pay design models of the organizational sector sample. In addition, implications of this study to compensation theory and practice, methodological and conceptual limitations, as well as directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords: Pay level, Pay structure, Distributive justice, Job commitment

The Influence Of Promotion In Constructing Country’s Perception, Autobiographical Memory, Emotional Bonding, And Visiting Intention

Wednesday, October 21st, 2009

By Jony Oktavian Haryanto

Tourism industry has become a critical asset  for a country in getting the income. However, recently tourism industries in Asia have been impacted by the global financial crisis in USA and Europe which functions as  main markets for tourism in Asia. This paper aims to propose the influence of promotion toward the establishment of country’s perception, autobiographical memory (AM),  emotional bonding (EB), and visiting intention. The writer would like to propose the direct influence of promotion toward intention to visit. This paper is aimed to see prospects’ perception toward its promotion. Next, the writer would like to explore the influence of country’s perception, AM and EB toward the  intention to visit. It is interesting to understand that they function as crucial factors which are considered deeply by prospects before they decide where to go. Hence, it is important to analyze their influence toward intention to visit and including which one is more dominant.

This paper proposes 7 hypotheses to analyze the relationship above. Data is taken from 200 Indonesian citizen who have traveled to other countries  at least 3 times. Using convenience sampling, they who have spent their income more than U$ 500 a month will be chosen due to their critical position for tourism industry.

Data is analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) with Lisrel 8.80. The data shows that promotion influences country’s perception, AM and EB significantly. On the other hand, emotional bonding influences intention to visit significantly. This research has implications that promotions which are held by countries for tourism should be targeted correctly. Media of promotion or time of promotion have to be analyzed promptly in order to gain effective campaign for prospects. On the other hand, the promotion which is able to create EB or AM has to be developed continuously by tourism industry. Furthermore, marketers need to think appropriate marketing strategies to create a strong emotional bonding between prospects and country.

Keywords: Promotion, Country’s Perception, Emotional Bonding, Autobiographical Memory, Intention to Visit.